Members Area | Contact Us | Legal Notice | Search
Cobalt Development Institute
Promoting Cobalt Uses in All Forms
Home Page
The Institute
About Cobalt
Cobalt News
Cobalt Facts
Cobalt Abstract
World Patents
HS and E
REACH
REACH Consortium
Statistics
Conferences
Publications
News
Links
Members Directory
Recruitment
Contact Us


 

Sources of Cobalt

Cobalt is not a particularly rare metal and it ranks 33 in abundance. It is however widely scattered in the Earth's crust but is found in potentially exploitable quantities in several countries, 17 of which currently produce.

Cobalt is only extracted alone from the Moroccan and Canadian Arsenide ores. It is normally associated with copper or nickel. >50% of World production is from Africa - D.R.C. (>40%%) and Zambia (10%) - where cobalt is a copper by-product.

Table 1 - Where Cobalt is Mined - shows the current situation. Significant resources of cobalt are also present in the deep sea nodules and crusts which occur in the Mid-Pacific and are speculative and estimated resources of >1billion tonnes of cobalt. At a world production level of around 80,000 tonnes, this is nearly 13,000 years of usage. More realistically the current land sources are estimated at over 100 years, so no long term shortage is in sight.

Table -1 Where Cobalt is Currently Mined and/or Refined

Country
Mined
Refined
Approx. Refined Qty
Australia Yes Yes 4,800
Botswana Yes    
Brazil Yes Yes 1,750
Belgium   Yes 4,200
Canada Yes Yes 5,650
China Yes Yes 30,500 (mainly imported raw material)
Cuba Yes    See Canada
France   Yes 350
Finland   Yes 10,500
Japan   Yes 2,500
Morocco Yes Yes 1,200
New Caledonia Yes    
Norway   Yes 2,900
Russia Yes Yes 2,200
South Africa Yes Yes 1,100
Uganda     550
D.R.C. Yes Yes 2,800
Zambia Yes Yes 5,750
TOTAL
~77,000 (Tonnes)

 


 

    
 
  About Cobalt
    Sources of Cobalt
    Superalloys
    Wear Resistant Alloys
    Prosthetic Alloys
    Magnetic Alloys
    Other Alloys
    Tool materials
    Pigments / Ceramics
    Recording Materials
    Rechargeable Batteries
    Catalysts

 

Home Page ... The Institute ... About Cobalt ... Cobalt News ... Cobalt Facts ... Cobalt Abstracts ... World Patents ...  
HS & E ... Statistics ... Conferences ... Publications ... News ... Links ... Members Directory ... Contact Us